Sunday, August 13, 2017

The great light of astrology

V. K. Choudhry (1951-2017)
It is with profound sadness that we report the passing of the world renowned Indian author and astrologer, V. K. Choudhry. He died peacefully in the morning of August 11, 2017 in Gurgaon, India, after a brief illness, surrounded by his family. History will confirm that V. K. Choudhry is the single greatest astrologer of the modern era.

V. K. Choudhry was born on September 13, 1951 in Delhi, India. He came to astrology in the mid 1980s, having obtained a MBA degree and while working in the Government of India's engineering export company. During his astrology career, which spanned three decades, he wrote 14 path breaking books with his son, K. Rajesh Chaudhary, based on the Systems‘ Approach to Interpreting Horoscopes which he propounded. He participated in numerous conferences, received many awards, was founder and President of the International Institute of Predictive Astrology (IIPA) and the Systems Institute of Hindu Astrology (SIHA) and actively taught Systems' Approach astrology to his students on popular discussion lists on the internet.

Contribution to astrology
Receiving Jyotish Bhanu award in 1992.
His aim was to remove the many confusions and contradictions that had accumulated in modern astrology. In doing so he redefined horoscopic astrology based on the ancient heritage of Jyotisha, the science of light. By focusing on the ascending sign and house rulership of planets owning Moolatrikona signs, the Systems‘ Approach makes a true interpretation of the karma seen in the horoscope possible. In turn, the Systems’ Approach makes accurate predictions for the life of the native also possible. Indeed, V. K. Choudhry placed a major emphasis on the use of predictions to underpin the scientific aspect of astrology.

A highly spiritual person, V.K. Choudhry also provided his students with guidance on how to be good astrologers as well as how to manage afflictions and weaknesses seen in horoscopes for a more stable and spiritually uplifting life.

Importantly, the easy to follow rules of interpretation of the Systems‘ Approach enable astrologers to give a quick overview of the essential features of each horoscope. This feature also makes birth chart rectification much easier than before.

He also clarified the indications of mundane or national astrology which has made significant advances possible in this field as well. The SAMVA discussion list on Yahoo groups has been applying this form of astrology since November 2000, with many discoveries of national horoscopes, including for the USA.

A bright future for the Systems' Approach
K. Rajesh Chaudhary
Messages of condoloences have been coming in from all over the world, with appreciation for the contribution of V. K. Choudhry to the lives of his students and people in all walks of life, with also prayers asking God to bless his soul with peace.

His final message on the SAMVA list was on July 9, with the words:

"All SA students / astrologers always have my blessings.
Wish you best of luck."

With the active support of Systems‘ Approach astrologers around the world, Sri K. Rajesh Chaudhary assumes the responsibility to be guardian and expounder of this important legacy going forward.

Wednesday, June 28, 2017

Explaining personality

In the vedic astrology of the Systems‘ Approach, the reading of the birth chart is focused on the ascending sign. In some sense, the rising sign interpretation of vedic (sidereal) astrology may appear comparable to the emphasis western (tropical) astrology places on interpreting the sun sign. However, the rising sign is only the starting point for an extensive analysis of the horoscope based on assigning houses to signs and rulership to planets. As a result, this is the only true form of horoscopic astrology. There are other notable differences between these two approaches to astrological interpretation and prediction, which are reviewed in appendix. This article focuses on two very different personalities, which became world famous for their leading role in World War II. It examines how an independent scholarly description of their personality matches up with the description of their rising signs as per the System‘s Approach. Amazingly, there are cases of word for word matches between the historical and rising sign descriptions for both men.

The ascending sign
Determining the ascending sign depends on the unique location and time of each birth. The coordinates of the place of birth and the elements of timing, including the year, month, day, hour and minute of birth, combine to determine not only the sign rising in the ascendant but the exact degree, from 0° to 30°, of the rising sign. The exact ascending degree becomes the most effective point (MEP) of the ascendant and, indeed, of all twelve houses of the horoscope. The ever changing MEP is a key element in making the lives of individuals born at different times distinct. It takes the rising sign about two hours to pass over the ascending point. Hence, two individuals born in the same location but within a few minutres of each other, will have slightly different horoscopes and karmic experiences. By comparison, it takes the sun, so important for western astrology, approximately one month to pass through one sign, making such analysis less suited to reveal individual paths.The birth information for both men is considered reliable, with AA Rodden rating for Hitler and A for Churchill.

A tale of two personalities
A stunning description of different personalities is found in the book Hitler and Churchill: Secrets of Leadership by Andrew Roberts (Orion Books, 2003).

"To an extent rarely seen before outside a religious context, the phenomenon of Adolf Hitler allowed intelligent people to suspend the activity of that part of their brains which induce rationality. The German Minister of Defence, Field Marshal Werner von Blomberg, claimed that a handshake from the Furher could cure him of the common cold. Field Marshal Hermann Göring said: "If Hitler told you you were a woman, you would leave the building believing that you were." There are endless further examples of intelligent people - men and women alike - who were spell bound by Hitler. One of his senior staff officers, General Walter Warlimont, recalled how: "Hardly one of the great theatre commanders, when summoned to make a presentation or report at the headquarters, was proof against the overpowering presence of Hitler." Churchill by contrast never seemed to exert this kind of personal, almost mystical power over others. While Hitler had charisma, Churchill did not...Most powerful leaders - not just Hitler or Churchill - are egocentric characters who are powerfully aggressive in the face of opposition, but when Churchill argued down the opposition and defeated it with votes in Parliament, Hitler gunned down his opponents on the Night of the Long Knives and used Dachau and other concentration camps to dispose of the rest...In almost every facet of their personalities, no two men could have been more different than Hitler and Churchill. The latter was a magnificent hedonist whose appetites were massive...Hitler, meanwhile, can be accused - and even convicted - of being an anti-smoking, teetotal vegetarian...The key attribute shared by both men was almost a superhuman tenacity of purpose that they held on to throughout their long years of adversity and failure."  

Adolf Hitler: Libra rising
The clue to Hitler's personality is found in the fact that he had the sign Libra rising on the eastern horizon at the time of birth. Libra was thus in his ascendant. Astrologers and authors, V. K. Choudhry and K. Rajesh Chaudhary offer an insightful description of all the twelve ascendants, including Libra, which matches what we know of his life.

The Libra rising personality
“Libra is an airy sign ruled by Venus, the significator for materialistic pursuits and comforts. Saturn, the planet of hard work and discipline, is exalted in this sign and the Sun, the significator of vitality and status, is debilitated. If the Sun which rules the soul is involved in this sign which rules luxuries and pleasures, the spiritual development of the person is obstructed and that is why the Sun gets debilitated in this sign. If Saturn is placed in this sign it gets exalted because Saturn ruling servants occupies the sign of luxuries and pleasures. These factors render the Librans a magnetic personality, if Venus is strong. The person makes use of the body language for communicating with others. If Libra rises as the ascendant, the Ishta Devata would be mother divine, Goddess Lakshmi. This sign rules lumbar region and lumbar bones, skin, lower part of large intestine, bladder and inner sexual organs such as ovaries, uterus, testicles and prostate gland. If Venus is strong, the Librans enjoy good health. Otherwise, they are vulnerable to diseases connected with parts ruled by this sign, skin diseases, diabetes, venereal diseases, renal problems, urination problems, arthritis, etc. This is the mooltrikona sign of Venus. Libra is a moveable, positive, rajasic, tri-dosha, male, talkative, semi-fruitful and biped sign and signifies sense of justice, clarity, strong will-power, optimism and is highly sensitive. Its talkative characteristic provides the person capacity to communicate, including the use of body language and facial expressions for making the communication more effective. Its positive characteristic makes the person a contributor instead of being only a consumer. Its airy characteristic makes the person a thinker. Its semi-fruitful characteristic blesses the native with affluence and resourcefulness in life. Depending on the influences on the ascendant and/or Venus, the sign Libra usually gives their natives a strong sense of harmony, justice, balance, charm and aesthetic sense, making them spontaneous, artistic, charismatic, harmonizing, humanitarian, independent, adaptable, idealistic, talkative, thinker and able to consider different aspects of standpoint and judgment or offensive arguments, inconstant, changeable and indecisive. They can attune themselves to the love of truth and thereby quickly learn to transcend the world.“[1]

Elements of Hitler‘s personality as read from his chart
Body language is important to the magnetic Libra personality
As Venus is the Moolatrikona lord of the sign Libra which is in the first house, it became Hitler‘s 1st lord. It was placed in the sign Aries and the 7th house, where it was conjunct 7th lord Mars. This combination made Hitler‘s personality especially magnetic, with a militaristic, relationship and change oriented influence on the nature. Saturn as 5th lord of management and creativity, was placed in Cancer and the 10th house, giving a career as manager of men. As Saturn aspected Venus and Mars, it rendered him exceptionally intelligent. Ketu, the planet of strange experiences, was in Sagittarius and the 3rd house from where it also aspected Venus and Mars, adding an element of separation to the sense of self, relationships and communication. Mercury, the Moolatrikona ruler of the sign Virgo and 12th house, was the 12th lord of losses. In that placement it was conjunct the most effective point of the 7th house, where it aspected the 1st house. This made Hitler selfish and unconcerned with the welfare of others, to the point of making decisions that consigned countless people to death. He even took his own life and that of his wife when all was lost. Another favourable combination, a so-called Gajeskari yoga, is the conjunction of 10th lord Moon and 3rd lord Jupiter in the 3rd house of speech and action. This placement explains Hitler‘s oratorical powers and global fame, linked also to his authorship of the controversial book, Mein Kampf. Despite his negative personality traits, Hitler was judged by his peers to possess a magnetic and a towering personality.

Winston Churchill: Virgo rising
Winston Churchill, for all his rousing speeches, eminence as a writer and prognosticator of international trends, as well as his public stature as an international statesman and champion against the evil of fascism, was not considered a magnetic pershonality. Let us look at Churchill‘s horoscope for the answer to his personality, beginning with the fact that Churchill had the sign Virgo in the ascendant, as described by Messrs. Choudhry and Chaudhary.

The Virgo ascendant personality 
Virgo is an earthy sign ruled by Mercury, the governor of nervous system. Mercury, the significator of analytical faculties, is exalted in this sign and Venus, the significator for materialistic pursuits and comforts, is debilitated. These factors render the Virgos a discriminating nature and deep sensuality. If Virgo rises as the ascendant, the Ishta Devata would be Lord Vishnu. This sign rules the waist, abdominal umbilical region, nervous system, small intestine, upper part of large intestine, appendix and kidneys. If Mercury and Saturn are strong, the Virgos enjoy good health. Otherwise, they become hypochondriac and are vulnerable to overexertion, nervous breakdown, appendicitis, constipation, etc. This is the mooltrikona sign of Mercury. Virgo is a dual, negative, tamasic, vata, female, barren and biped sign and, if Mercury is strong, it gives the power of analysis and discrimination. Depending on the influences on the ascendant and/or Mercury, the sign Virgo usually makes their natives communicative, attractive, charming, prudent, cautious, protective, analytical, dependable, honest, truthful, practical, sincere and detailed or critical, neurotic, distant, resentful, indecisive and nit pickers with a fault finding tendency.[2]

Elements of Churchill's personality as read from his chart
A cigar and a whiskey were never far from Churchill's lips.
Virgos are often described as rational in their demeanour due to their power of analysis and discrimmination. Churchill‘s 1st lord, Mercury, was well placed in the 2nd house of status. Meanwhile, his 2nd lord Venus was placed in the 3rd house of communication. Even if Venus is weak in old age, the combination was enough to make Churchill witty, known for his repartee, and a prolific writer of books and speeches. He was known to be hedonistic when it came to his ample appetite for liquor and food. His physical appearance was not impressive. He was of average height in his prime (5 ft 8 in./1,69 cm) and of a plump, stooping appearance in middle and old age. His facial expression and fighting spirit was such that he was called “the British bulldog“. Despite his warmth, wit, foresight and humanity, Churchill was not considered a magnificent personality by his peers. Churchill‘s 4th lord of fixed assets and inner tranquility, Jupiter, was also placed in the 2nd house of family and assets, but it was conjunct Ketu, the planet of sudden changes and separation. This gave him a reputation for family heritage and large assets, but it also made his sense of happiness and real estate matters unstable during his lifetime. The US government rescued him financially, to enable him to hold on to his estate, Chartwell, during the war.

[1] Yournetastrologer. Libra in the ascendant. June 28, 2017.
[2] Yournetastrologer. Virgo in the ascendant. June 28, 2017.

Appendix: Differences between vedic and western astrology
Vedic astrology relies on the sidereral zodiac which is aligned with the visible constellations. It‘s beginning point is arrived at by setting the fixed star Spica at 0° Libra for all time. By comparison, the tropical zodiac is fixed on the Vernal Equinox at 0° Aries. As a result, the tropical zodiac has been drifting away from its visible moorings for close to two thousand years, from the time when the two zodiacs were identical. Today, the signs of the western zodiac have shifted 24° away from their visible constellations, almost by  one whole sign of 30°. Another difference is that vedic astrology also uses only the seven planets that are visible to the naked eye, the inner planets from Sun to Saturn, along with calculated points of Rahu and Ketu, the Moon‘s nodes, which are needed to determine the recurring eclipses of the Sun and Moon. Meanwhile, Western astrology uses also the planets visible only by telescope, the outer planets from Neptune to Pluto, as well as a host of distant objects in the solar system. Further, any sign remains in the ascendant for only around 2 hours, whereas the sun resides in the same sign for one whole month. In horoscopic astrology, the expectation is that persons born on the same day but with different rising signs and degrees, will differ in their personality, as well as karma and how it fructifies in the life. Indeed, the ascending sign becomes the key to horoscopic astrology. It determines the placements of planets in signs and houses, but also their nature for better or worse. This is because the rising sign becomes the basis for assigning house rulerships to the planets. 

Saturday, June 24, 2017

Saturn and the first oil crisis

US President Nixon and Saudi King Faisal in 1974
A tense situation prevailed in the Middle East between the Muslim Arab countries and the Jewish state of Israel after the Six Day war in 1967. The tension erupted in October 1973 with a brief war between the two sides. The war disrupted transportation in the USA and had negative repercussions for its economy. The crisis can be clearly explained by the period and transit influences of the SAMVA USA chart.

The October War of 1973

The October War or Yom Kippur War of 1973 began with a surprise attack of a coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria against Israel on October 6, 1973. The Arabs sought to reverse the strategic gains of the Israelis in the Six Day War of 1967. While the Arabs made initial gains, Israel soon reversed the situation and won the war by October 24, after surrounding Egypt's Third Army and bombing the Syrian army near Damascus. 

Embargo and its effects

The OPEC embargo of 1973 caused a recession in 1974
To punish the U.S. for providing support to Israel, the Arab members of Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), led by Saudi Arabia, decided to reduce oil production by 5% per month on October 17. On October 19, President Richard Nixon authorised a major allocation of arms supplies and $2.2 billion in appropriations for Israel. Saudi Arabia then declared a full embargo against the United States. The embargo was later joined by other OPEC members and extended against countries of Western Europe and Japan, causing the 1973 energy crisis. The embargo resulted in a sharp rise in the oil price, which had been falling in real terms for quite some time. Nixon responded in November 1973 by approving the Emergency Petroleum Allocation Act, which authorized federal controls over the price, production and marketing of oil and gas. It was just one of many government efforts to manage the effects of the embargo. By December 1973, gas became an increasingly rare commodity with long lines forming at gas stations. As supplies dwindled, many gas stations went out of business. In January 1974, consumers began to realize that smaller, more energy-efficient cars were more desirable than larger, gas-guzzling automobiles and trucks. Consumers also began to save energy at home by moderating their use of hot water, heat and air-conditioning. In February 1974, Nixon's Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, introduced Project Independence, the first of many programs designed to make the U.S. less dependent on foreign sources of oil and gas. By March 1974 Israel withdrew the last of its troops from the west side of the Suez Canal, where upon OPEC agreed to end its oil embargo.[1] However, by then the damage had been done and the US economy soon after slid into recession, which lasted from mid 1974 to late 1975. The unemployment rate which stood at 4.9 percent of the labour force in 1973, reached 8.5 percent in 1975, before declining in subsequent years.

Astrology of the first oil crisis

Saturn and Ketu were conjunct in the 12th house.
Mercury-Mercury period was operating, which has been described in earlier articles, including 1972. Importantly, as Mercury rules the 3rd house of transportation and is placed in the 7th house of leisure and others, it involves Americans sense of freedom, including their ability to freely move about. Indeed the first oil crisis obstructed precisely this transportation element of life, revealing how the indications of the planet whose period is running come to the fore in the national life. Transit Saturn, which rules things mined from the ground, including oil, and also rules the 8th house of obstacle and endings, was conjunct transit Ketu, the planet of separation and isolation, in Gemini and 12th house of losses and war. Meanwhile, transit Rahu was in Sagittarius and the 6th house of conflict and financial stability, explaining how an opposing power manipulated the oil dependency of the USA in order to squeese up the oil price. Meanwhile, transit Jupiter as 6th lord of conflict was in Capricorn in aspect to natal 1st lord Moon, while passing over natal Mercury as 3rd lord of transportation at 12° Capricorn and 7th house in November 1973, explaining how conflict was harming transportation matters in the USA. These combined influences explain the gas supply shortages that negatively affected transportation in the USA, but also represented a wealth transfer from the USA to the OPEC countries, both 12th and 6th house influences, but also explained by the affliction and bad placement of Saturn as 8th lord of easy gains. These slow moving malefics became stationary in conjunction around 4°-5° Gemini/Sagittarius in January and February 1974, at the peak of the crisis. The nodes entered Scorpio and Taurus in March 1974 as the crisis began to lift. The nodes then became stationary at 26° Scorpio/Taurus in conjunction with natal 8th lord Saturn in the summer of 1974, explaining the deepening economic recession. Saturn is an important indicator of the economy, in terms of describing employment conditions.


Friday, December 30, 2016

Tenth anniversary of the SAMVA USA chart

At 11:18 pm GMT, on December 30, 2006, capping a decade long search, Cosmologer introduced a new horoscope for the USA on the SAMVA discussion list on Yahoo. The new horoscope fit all the criteria for a powerful, dynamic and benign but sometimes troubled country like the USA. More importantly, it was based on an actual legal event that could be consistent with the founding the new nation. Specifically, it was the event when Maryland became the thirteenth requisite and final state to ratify the creation of a Perpetual Union, the forming of an everlasting national bond among the thirteen States. The discovery would have been impossible without the Systems' Approach or the many insights of astrologer and author, V. K. Choudhry, guiding the search efforts on SAMVA list. Befitting this historically important discovery, there is a stunning mysterious link between this authentic horoscope for the United States of America and the horoscope of the SAMVA list, which was created to discover it.

Many accurate predictions
The introduction of the new horoscope was accompanied by predictions which were soon realised:

  • "violence...loss of life" in the Spring of 2007 (Virginia Tech Massacre on April 16, 2007) 
  • "problems for fixed assets" (Sub-Prime Mortgage Crisis erupts in early 2007). 

Many other accurate predictions were publiched long in advance on this blog, mostly as predictions for the year ahead in the USA. Major accurate predictions include

Some years, no major crises were predicted, which also turned out to be accurate! The explanatory power of the chart was also tested with reference to numerous major historical events, as the many articles on this blog attest to.

Decade long search
The 20° Cancer rising SAMVA USA chart (Perpetual Union)
The discovery capped an almost decade long search for an authentic horoscope for the USA by Cosmologer. On November 28, 2000, with the blessing of the propounder of the Systems' Approach, astrologer and author, V. K. Choudhry, he founded the SAMVA list with this express purpose of identifying authentic mundane horoscopes. Many competent astrologers joined the list. On November 2, 2004, historical scholar John Thomas Wyder Battalana reached out to Cosmologer on another forum based on their shared interest in the founding history of the USA. In June 2006, he joined SAMVA list to help Cosmologer undertake a systematic search of possible birth events. Six months went by with periodic discussion off-list, involving the testing of horoscopes for various historical events. None of them gave a good fit or resulted in accurate predictions. The abovementioned legislative event, however, gave an instant good fit. Not only did the event itself make good historical sense but a reading of the chart offered a plausible match with all the tested significant events in the history of the country. Predictive successes based on it then gradually began to increase the confidence. Ten years on, there is little doubt left about its authenticity.

Historical event
Maryland's Act to Ratify the creation of a Perpetual Union
The chart is based on the time when Governor Thomas Sim Lee, signed an Act which both houses of the Maryland State legislature had approved, ratifying the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union. The time was 5:00 pm LMT on Friday, 2 February 1781, in Annapolis, Maryland, giving 20° Cancer rising in the sidereal zodiac (4:58:33 pm when relocated to then capital city, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania). Importantly, the Act by Maryland was the 13th and final requisite ratification for the formation of a Perpetual Union. In other words, the Act by Maryland was the final required step in the approval process for the creation of a new nation by the thirteen up till then independent and sovereign States.

Historical record
The event was entered into the legislative record:
"State of Maryland legislation, to authorize ratification [the USA’s 13th]
By the House of Delegates, January 30th, 1781, read and assented to,
By order, F. Green, Clerk.
By the Senate, February 2nd, 1781. Read and assented to.
By order, JAs. MacCubbin, Clerk,
Tho. S. Lee. (L. S.)"1
[Note 1: 1 This copy is in the Papers of the Continental Congress, No. 70, folio 453. It was also entered in No. 9 (History of the Confederation).]
Maryland Senate, Annapolis, February 2, 1781
In the afternoon Session ["Post Meridiem"] among engrossed Bills Nos. 26 up to 52, No.40 was signed and sealed by the Governor, in the Senate Chamber, in the presence of the members of both Houses of the State Legislature.
"No. 40 An Act to empower the delegates of this state in Congress to subscribe and ratify the articles of confederation.
The Senate adjourns to the first Monday in August next."
An important clue emerges about the time of the signing ceremony. The fact that it was the last order of business before adjourning the Senate offers support for the rectified time of 5:00 pm.

SAMVA discussion list
The 6° Leo rising chart for the creation of the SAMVA discussion list on Yahoo
The 6° Leo horoscope for the creation of the SAMVA discussion list is interesting for a number of reasons. First, it has the same ascending degree as President-elect Donald Trump. Second, and more importantly perhaps, is the fact that it has a 120 year Vimsottari - Dasa cycle that is identical in timing to the one in the SAMVA USA chart. As a result, both had very auspicious Sun major periods beginning within a week of each other in April 2016. This is interesting as one was created for the discovery of the other. Third, the discovery of the SAMVA USA chart occurred during the Venus-Jupiter period in the horoscope for the creation of the SAMVA list. Jupiter is one of the most auspicious sub-periods in the 6° Leo rising horoscope. This is because 5L Jupiter is at 12° Taurus and 10th house in opposition aspect to 1L Sun at 13° Scorpio and 4th house. This powerful aspect between the two planets ruling spirituality is suggestive of divinely inspired creativity in the public domain that is aided by a deep perceptiveness. Moreover, when the chart was discovered transit Jupiter was conjunct natal Sun. In the God-centred cosmology of the Vedas, the good karma of discovering the authentic horoscope for the USA, an effort that has challenged untold astrologers for over two centuries, can be explained astrologically with this powerful and accurate method of astrology.

Wednesday, December 28, 2016

Predictions for the USA in 2017

Trump was elected President as predicted in 2015.
The twenty year Venus major period ended in April 2016 when the six year Sun major period began. The change is remarkable as Venus is the weakest planet in the SAMVA USA chart, while the Sun is the most powerful. This shift has long been predicted to result in a major reinvigoration of the national life from 2016, based on more dynamic national leadership. 
In 2017, the pace of progressive developments in the national life is likely to pick up. At the same time, the developments will be variable as the sub-periods are shorter in the Sun major period, and thus changing more frequently than in Venus period. In the coming year, three sub-periods will be running. The first two sub-periods of Moon and Mars are auspicious while the third, of Rahu from mid June, will be less auspicious. Moreover, the transit influences during the year will also bring change. The slow moving functional malefic planets of Jupiter, Saturn, Rahu and Ketu, will change signs and houses, enter into stationary movement and make contacts in the chart. Overall, we may expect continued improvement in the national life in the first half of the year while setbacks are likely in the second half.

Period influences
The Sun major period in the SAMVA USA chart began on April 19, 2016. As predicted, it is ushering in more dynamic leadership that will boost the status of and international respect for the USA. The new leadership will also begin to resolve significant socio-economic imbalances that have accumulated over decades. However, the effort to introduce reforms could run into unexpected problems or challenges in the second half of the year. When making a prediction for the USA in 2017 the challenge is to account for the brief influences of each of the three sub-periods operating during the year. Their key influences are likely to be as follows:
The Moon sub-period, which runs from August 8, 2016 to February 5, 2017, is expected to bring a stronger sense of self and a greater focus on income and future plans. During this period, the leadership is more willing to respond to challenges, slights and impositions against the country.
The Mars sub-period, which operates from February 5 to June 13, 2017, is likely to bring a greater emphasis on the good functioning of the military, government and legislature as well as on a robust manufacturing sector. The fame of the country is likely to increase.
The Rahu sub-period, that runs from June 13, 2017 to May 8, 2018, is expected to bring manipulative influences to the government, legislature and foreign trade. Adverse transits involving Rahu at this time are likely to be especially difficult.

Transit influences
There are several changes of signs involving all the functional malefic planets in the 20° Cancer rising SAMVA USA chart, as well as numerous stationary placements, and transit-to-transit and transit-to-natal aspects during the year, when notable trend changes are likely to be felt.

The year begins with 
- 6th lord Jupiter in stationary motion at 28° Virgo and 3rd house from January 1 to March 15, 2017. As transit Jupiter in this placement is not in aspect to natal planets or points in the SAMVA USA chart, the influence is less but with some scope for conflict and mishaps in communication and transportation. 
8th lord Saturn in direct motion in late Scorpio and 5th house, which brings an energy of obstacles and endings to e.g. entertainment, speculation and universities. At 27° Scorpio at the year opens, transit 8th lord Saturn is closely conjunct natal Saturn at 26° 46‘ Scorpio and 5th house of the chart. This contact is likely to bring stormy weather conditions as well as dangerous, life threatening situations. On January 27, transit Saturn will enter Sagittarius and the 6th house, which is expected to bring an energy of obstacles and endings to conflict, financial stability and health matters. As a result, economic growth may disappoint in 2017. Transit Saturn becomes stationary at 3° Sagittarius from February 19 to May 25. Fortunately, it will not be casting any aspects in the chart and the problems related to its bad placement are reduced as a result (while other problems lie ahead). 
Rahu entering stationary motion at 9° 19' Leo and 2nd house and Ketu in Aquarius and 8th house from January 8 to April 12, 2017. Rahu's energy can bring problems for relations with neighbours, while Ketu's energy can disrupt the legitimacy or credibility of the country. As the nodes have passed the most effective point (MEP) in the chart, their presence is made easier, also with a view to the favourable Moon and Mars sub-periods in the first half of the year. However, strains or difficulties are likely for the new President around February 22, 2017 when transit 2nd lord Sun becomes conjunct transit stationary Ketu in the 8th house.

Of the fast moving planets, the transits of 4th lord Venus and 10th lord Mars bear mention. 
- 4th lord Venus becomes exalted in Pisces and 9th house from January 28 to May 31, 2017. This is likely to bring some lucky developments, improving the communal harmony. On March 18-19, transit debilitated 3rd lord Mercury becomes conjunct Venus at 15° Pisces, possibly bringing good news regarding transportation, communication or housing sectors. In April, Venus in early Pisces falls under the aspect of natal 6th lord Jupiter, which is likely to be accompanied by communal disharmomy. 
- 10th lord Mars will pass through its own Moolatrikona sign, Aries, and the 10th house from March 2 to April 12, which would be favourable for the government, industry, military and legislature. In mid March, transit Mars will cast an aspect to its own placement at 10° Scorpio and 5th house. At the same time, transit Mars will come under the aspect of transit stationary Rahu at 9° 08' Leo and 2nd house. The military may gain a strategic advantage or the government a material benefit. 

From April 14 to June 6, transit 6th lord Jupiter becomes stationary at 19° 10 Virgo and the MEP of the 3rd house. This is likely to bring incidents of conflict or mishaps in the areas of transportation and communication. The communication of the government may be more assertive at that time.

Setbacks in the summer
On April 1, a difficult malefic contact begins which lasts for over six months, when transit Rahu at 8° Leo and 2nd house casts a trinal aspect to transit 8th lord Saturn at 3° Sagittarius and 6th house. In June, the orb of this aspect will be just over 1° transit, when Saturn will be without strength in infancy and a malefic house. Hence its indications will be threatened by manipulations or the actions of adversaries. 

After June 13, the aspect of Rahu to transit Saturn is expected to become more intense, when two things begin: i) the Rahu sub-period, and ii) a transit station of Rahu at 0° Leo and 2nd house. From that time, some setback for the indications of 8th lord Saturn is possible. This is more so from June 21, when transit Rahu will also enter into an applying aspect to natal 8th lord Saturn at 26° 46‘ Scorpio and 5th house. This increases the likelihood of problems for the indications of Saturn and the 8th house. Significant events involving fatalities or death-like experiences are likely, as well as setbacks for easy gains, especially for speculators. Moreover, transit 8th lord Saturn will become stationary at 28° 30‘ Scorpio and 5th house on July 5 until October 10, when the aspect from Rahu is applying. At the time when transit Rahu is aspecting both transit and natal Saturn, transit Saturn and natal Satrurn will also become closely conjunct, well within 1° but not exact. The aspect becomes closest in late August. 
The transits become quite intense for Saturn in the summer of 2017
The malefic influences are thus further increased due to iii) the stationary movement of transit 8th lord Saturn and  iv) the conjunction of transit and natal Saturn. The setbacks associated with these combined aspects could manifest with regard to obstacles, challenges or a crises regarding the legitimacy of US foreign policies, the territorial integrity of the country or its resources. The economy, working people, mining sector, or easy gains may experience a setback in the summer. Any fast moving transit contacts in the time period can trigger significant events in this regard, such as on August 17, when transit 2nd lord Sun becomes conjunct transit stationary Rahu. The transit station of the nodes ends on October 10, 2017.

Shifting trends in the fall
The transit influences change on September 9, 2017 when Rahu enters Cancer and the 1st house and Ketu enters Capricorn and the 7th house, remaining there until March 24, 2019. The transit of the nodes through these signs and houses is expected to bring problems for the self and foreign relations of the USA. International agreements could become a source of difficulty at that time. The aspect of transit Rahu to transit Saturn becomes exact on October 10 and to natal Saturn on on November 2, 2017, when transit Rahu will be in normal retrograde motion. The intensity of Rahu's aspect to transit and natal Saturn is expected to become less intense at that time. On September 13, 2017, transit 6th lord Jupiter will enter Libra and 4th house, where it will remain until October 13, 2018. This transit is likely to bring the energy of conflict to the house of communal harmony. On October 27, transit 8th lord Saturn will re-enter Sagittarius and 6th house, were it will stay until January 25, 2020. The energy of obstacles and endings will thus be felt in the house of conflict, financial stability and health matters.  

Saturday, December 10, 2016

Saturn and the fear of death in 1953

The year 1953 marked a phase-shift in the Cold War when the Soviet Union (USSR) caught up with the USA in terms of nuclear destructive power. The threat of sudden destruction and death by nuclear exchange became a more real prospect for the American public than before, reflected also in the geopolitical developments in 1953, when communism became a more established threat around the world. As a result, the Cold War, and especially the nuclear arms race, began to weigh more heavily on the US government, military and public. This development coincided with the onset of the Saturn major period in the SAMVA USA chart from April 1953. While the major period lasted to April 1972, it was the additional influence of the initial three-year Saturn sub-period that created more intensity. This historical geo-political development and its correlation with this astrological period is remarkable as Saturn is 8th lord in the chart, ruling over death and death-like situations. Similar unique shifts in the national emphasis and experience have been observed at the outset of other periods, like in 1972 or 2016.

Historical background
Following the conclusion of World War II, the US military enjoyed military superiority on all fronts, especially after the development and use of "fission" nuclear bombs in Japan in August 1945. The mass destruction and deaths brought the war in the Pacific to a decisive end. As WW II ended, however, the Cold War began. On one side were the market-oriented democracies of the West and on the other were the totalitarian communist states of the East. Both sides were determined to spread their ideologies and preserve their respective areas of influence. The mutually hostile stance quickly led to an accelerating arms race. In November 1952, the US tested a "fusion" based hydrogen bomb that was fifty times more powerful than the already deadly Hiroshima bomb of 1945. Under Stalin's command, the Soviet Union also put enormous resources into catching up with the Americans in the sphere of nuclear capabilities. In 1949, the Soviet's tested their first fission nuclear device but still lacked the means to deliver it. Nevertheless, some sense of danger began to be felt in the USA. In 1951, the "Duck and Cover" film was released to educate the American public about how to survive a surprise nuclear attack.[1] 

In 1953, after several geopolitical events had led to an entrenchment of communism in the world, the military balance of power suddenly shifted in the favour of the USSR, with its successful test of a fusion bomb on August 12. What is more, the Soviet's claimed to have a delivery capability for the powerful bomb, putting the American's to shame, as they had yet to achieve that. As a result, newsreels of the powerful explosion served to increase the sense of 'fear' in the American public.[2] In effect, a situation later termed "Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD) was developing.[3] The newly elected President Eisenhower set about to manage the situation.[4] Given the destructive power of hydrogen bombs, involving both a deadly initial blast followed by lethal radioactive contamination, the emphasis shifted to countering the Soviet advances and the building of nuclear-fallout shelters. In 1956, the new Soviet leader, Nikita Khruschev went so far to threaten to "bury the West". The fear of annihialation likely peaked in the Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962. In 1963, the USA and USSR agreed to ban nuclear testing in the atmosphere.[5] In 1964, Stanley Kubrick's comic movie "Dr. Strangelove; How I learned to stop worrying and love the bomb" also began to defuse the concerns.[6] Khruschev was replaced by Leonid Breshnev as USSR Premier in 1964, and an era of "peaceful competition" with capitalism began. The Space race was increasingly led by US successes. The Cold War continued in 1964 in terms of the war in Vietnam which was seen as defusing the nuclear threat by focusing on non-nuclear means of destruction. The Saturn period ended in 1972 when the Mercury major period began. Shortly afterwards, the Vietnam War was brought to an end and more peaceful cooperation, termed Detente, began.

Key events of 1953
  • March 6, 1953: Joseph Stalin dies, paving the way for a new leadership of the Soviet Union
  • April 1953: The Vietminh invade Laos, underpinning the Domino theory [7]
  • April 16, 1953: President Eisenhower delivers his “chance for peace” speech, identifying the Soviet Union as the sole threat to the USA
  • June 19, 1953: The Rosenberg's are executed in the USA for passing on atomic secrets to the Soviet Union.[8]
  • July 27, 1953: The Korean War ends with Armistice Agreement leaving a divided Korea and a Communist stronghold in the North
  • August 12, 1953: The Soviet Union test their first hydrogen (thermonuclear) bomb
  • September 7, 1953: Nikita Khruschev becomes new Premier of the USSR. His chief opponent Lavrentiy Beria is executed.
  • December 6, 1953: President Eisenhower delivers the “Atoms for Peace” before the United Nations to warn the world and the American people of a protracted Cold War with the Soviet Union. “The Eisenhower administration wanted to address simultaneously the increased levels of fear domestically while responding strategically to the Soviets' scientific and military advancements.”[3]
Astrology of the Saturn major period
This shift is remarkable for the fact that the second Saturn major period had begun in the SAMVA USA chart on April 19, 1953. In the 20° Cancer rising chart, as Saturn rules Aquarius, which falls in the 8th house of the chart, it becomes the 8th lord, ruling over death and death-like experiences. The outcome is determined by Saturn's placement, strength and influences in the chart. Saturn is well placed and reasonably strong at 26° 46' Scorpio and 5th house. The 5th house rules e.g. creativity and young people. In the chart, Saturn aspects the 2nd lord Sun at 23° 44' Capricorn and in the most effective point of the 7th house. This aspect creates concerns for the leader of the country (ruled by the Sun) but also communal harmony (2nd house), and is felt in the foreign policy arena (ruled by the 7th house). The energy of Saturn as 8th lord is also affected by Ketu at 18° Libra and in the most effective point of the 4th house, as it aspects the 8th house. This adds to the sense of fear in Saturn's functional indications. 

Transits in the SAMVA USA chart 
Transit influences on August 12, 1953 are revealing. The first transit to examine is that of the major and sub-period lord, Saturn. In the SAMVA USA chart, both transit 8th lord Saturn at 29° Virgo and 3rd house and natal Saturn at 27° Scorpio and 5th house were under an afflicting aspect from 6th lord Jupiter at 27° Taurus and 11th house. The actions of adversaries to explode a powerful bomb was threatening Americans. Additionally, the nodal axis of transit Rahu and Ketu, was afflicting natal 3rd lord Mercury at 12° Capricorn and 7th house, suggesting uncertainty concerning their freedom of movement abroad. Moreover, transit Ketu at 10° Cancer and 1st house was aspecting natal 10th lord Mars at 10° Scorpio and 5th house. The military felt it had been deprived of its advantage. Finally, transit Venus, as 4th lord of home, was at 15° Gemini and 12th house, under the aspect of natal Ketu at 18° Libra and the most effective point of the 4th house, suggesting a shock to the American's due to a loss of their sense of safety at home. 

[1] Duck and Cover film of 1951
[2] The Soviets explode first H-Bomb on August 12, 1953
[3] Wikipedia: Mutually Assured Destruction
[4] Parry-Giles, Shawn J. (2006). Dwight D. Eisenhower's Atoms for Peace (December 8, 1953). University of Maryland.
[5] Walbert, David. Living with the bomb
[7] Wikipedia: Domino Theory

Sunday, December 4, 2016

The 120 year cycle of US history

Pictoral representation of US history
The change of major periods in the SAMVA USA chart has been attended by sometimes a momentuous shift in historical emphasis in the national life of the USA. The changes depend on the functional and general nature of the planet involved and its placement and aspects in the chart. Below is a succint overview of the major periods so far, spanning two whole Vimsottari dasa cycles (two times 120 years), with the third cycle having begun this year. The period match with US history is one thing. However, the most convincing aspect of the chart is that it has been the basis of repeat accurate predictions for the national life in the past decade. Links to earlier articles offering astrological analysis of the events under discussion are highlighted.

What to expect in each period
The table shows the main indications of each planet, giving an idea of what trends or themes to expect during the operation of its period, which can range from six to twenty years depending on the planet. The functional indications are associated with the house that the planet rules, while the general indications show attributes of the planet irrespective of the house it rules. Normally, the functional indications are more prominent in their expression in the national life. The other influences are associated with the house of placement and the aspects on the planet or the house it is placed in or rules. All these influences are ever present, to one degree or another, but the period of a planet makes its indications most prominent. Each of the nine sub-periods within a major period also have a considerable influence. Moreover, the transit influences of the slow moving planets can bring a wide variety of significant events. Finally, the rising sign, Cancer, gives the overall tenor for the national entity and its expression in the world. 

First Vimsottari-dasa cycle, 1776-1896
1776: SUN major period (2L Sun conjunct 7H and aspecting 1H) brought to the fore a magnificent national leader, George Washington as the States declared independence from Great Britain at a time of war. In 1781, the USA became a nation with the 13th and final ratification by Maryland of the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union on February 2. The USA gained victory over Great Britain in the Revolutionary war half a year later.
1782: MOON major period (1L Moon in 11H in mutual aspect with 10L Mars and 6L Jupiter in 5H). The US was in economic crisis after the Revolutionary War. George Washington came out of retirement in response to Shays rebellion of 1786-87, when indebted farmers in Massachusetts rose up in objection to higher state taxes. While the rebellion was put down with force, the States came together to create the US Constitution and a federal form of government to improve conditions in the new country. The Bill of Rights, the first ten amendments to the new constitution were ratified in 1791, ensuring civil rights and circumscribing the powers of the new federal government. The Bank of the United States (central bank) is founded. 
1792: MARS major period (10L Mars in 5H in mutual aspect with 1L Moon) began as the fame of the new country was spreading around the world. The domestic debate was strongly influenced by the French Revolution, with the Federalist political party favouring order over anarchy, while Republicans favoured liberty over oppression. In 1794, the new federal government asserted its power by putting down the long standing Whiskey Rebellion against federal taxes. The action met with widespread popular approval and raised confidence in the government. In 1795, the US entered into Jay Treaty with Great Britain, to secure trade between the countries. This angered the French revolutionary government, which resulted in the Quasi-War in 1798 that prompted President John Adams to  approve legislation restricting civil liberties of Americans during wartime.
1799: RAHU major period (Rahu in 10H MEP) brought attempted fraud of the US government and a war over trade. In 1806, former Vice President Aaron Burr was charged with treason for organising a vast conspiracy to appropriate huge tracts of land in the south eastern part of present day USA. He was acquitted but his political career was over. In 1812, another war broke out with Britain over its attempt to restrict the foreign trade of the USA. In 1814, British forces sacked Washington DC and burned the Capitol building and the White House. Later that year, the US militias rallied and won the war. The charter for the First Bank of the United States expired in 1811 but it was replaced by the Second Bank of the United States in 1816.
1817: JUPITER major period (6L Jupiter in 5H in mutual aspect with 1L Moon in 11H) brought the era of Good Feeling after the USA won the War of 1812. In 1823, the US introduced the staunch Monroe Doctrine, telling European powers that any efforts to colonise in the Western hemisphere would be met with war. The Second Bank of the United States became a focal point of the Bank War following the election of Andrew Jackson as President in 1828.
1833: SATURN major period (8L Saturn in 5H in aspect to 2L Sun in 7H) saw the end to the Second Bank of the United States in 1836, acquisition of new territories but bad treatment of the native Indians and slaves, including the Trail of Tears in the 1830s. Anxiety in Southern states after bloody slave uprisings in 1831 and the founding of the American Anti-Slavery Society in 1833 to work for the abolishment of slave holding. Slave uprisings took place in 1839 and 1841. First attempted assassination of a US President, Andrew Jackson, in 1835, followed by first assassinations of US politicians in 1842 (Charles C. P. Arndt) and 1847 (Charles Bent).
1852: MERCURY major period (3L Mercury in 7H) began with the Perry Expedition in 1853-54, which opened up Japan. John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry to incite an armed slave revolt in 1859 and the election of 'abolitionist' Abraham Lincoln as President in 1860, caused the issue of slavery to come to a head, with civil war breaking out in 1861. Major technological advances in railroads, telegraph, photography and journalism took place. President Lincoln was assassinated a week after the Confederate Army of General Lee surrendered in April 1865. Reconstruction began in 1866 with an emphasis on securing the rights of freedmen in the South, leading to the passage of new (13th to 15th) amendments to the US Constitution.
1869: KETU major period (FM Ketu in 4H MEP) began with a backlash in the South to the suffrage granted freedmen with the emergence of State laws undermining their voting rights. In 1873, there were several reported cases in the South of black men being lynched by mobs after being accused of raping white women. A Supreme Court decision affirmed the legality of the Union. The Panic of 1773 began the Long Depression.  
1876: VENUS major period (4L Venus in 6H) saw Jim Crow laws being introduced to segregate the South. President James Garfield was assassinated in 1881. The Robber Barrons reigned during the Gilded Age and the Long Depression. Technological advances were mixed with growing inequities, such that a populist movement emerged in 1890, when also the Sherman Anti Trust act was passed with the intent to break up the monopolies.

Second Vimsottari-dasa cycle, 1896-2016
1896: SUN major period brought dynamic leadership with William McKinley, and Theodore Roosevelt after McKinley was assasinated in 1901, which ushered in the Progressive Era, a dynamic period of manufacturing growth.The USA also became a major player on the world stage.
1902: MOON major period resulted in the application of legislation ending monopolies in the USA. New amendments to the U.S. constitution were passed.
1912: MARS major period brought the assembly line production to car manufacturing and the role of the USA to end WW I in Europe. The Federal Reserve system is created in 1913.
1919: RAHU major period brought a big stock market bubble, involving deceptive practices of stock selling to the general public, that exploded and created the Great Depression. Organised crime arose in response to the Prohibition and famous bank robbers emerged during the depression. 
1937: JUPITER major period brought fascist governments to power in Germany, Italy, Spain and Japan, leading to war in Asia and Europe, that pulled the USA in to WW II and made it the pillar of a new world order. The Federal Reserve worked with the US Treasury to ensure sufficient funds to finance the war effort.
1953: SATURN major period (8L Saturn in 5H in aspect to 2L Sun in 7H)  brought the Hydrogen bomb to the USA and USSR, creating death-like fear of Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD) during the Cold War. The failed Bay of Pigs invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis took place. Many prominent leaders were killed, including President John F. Kennedy, Robert F. KennedyMartin Luther King and Malcolm X. The US Space Program took off with death-defying feats to place men on the Moon and bringing them back alive.
1972: MERCURY major period (3L Mercury in 7H) opened up with Nixon's trip to the Soviet Union and China, to normalise relations. The period brought independent news papers to the forefront with the publication of the Pentagon papers and the effort to expose the Watergate coverup, which brought down the Presidency of Richard Nixon. The personal computer and internet revolutions took place, heralding the advent of a post-industrial society.
1989: KETU period (FM Ketu conjunct 4H MEP) began with the fall of Soviet Communism and the US emerging as the sole 'superpower' in the world. Many terrorist attacks involving alientated people or groups took place. O.J. Simpson, a prominent black man, was charged with murder of his white wife in a racially charged trial.
1996: VENUS period (4L Venus in 6H) brought a major housing bubble that collapsed the banking system and created tremendous communal disharmony, including the Occupy Wall St. protests over bailouts of bankers and the growing inequality. 
Third Vimsottari-dasa cycle, 2016-2136
2016: SUN major period is bringing a political revolution by President Trump on behalf of the working people, to restore better paying manufacturing jobs, and to Make America Great Again.
2022: MOON major period
2032: MARS major period
2039: RAHU major period
2057: JUPITER major period
2073: SATURN major period
2092: MERCURY major period
2109: KETU major period
2116: VENUS major period 

Based on the information above we may have some idea what to expect in the coming 120 years, although the period expression is strongly affected also by the transits of the slow moving functional malefic planets, Rahu, Ketu, Jupiter and Saturn, through the different signs and houses, and making aspects that produce significant events that colour the trends. In the final analysis, astrology can show us the multivalent possibilities of evolving themes and events in any life as per its horoscope. However, the complexity of the reading can easily begin to approach the complexity of life itself. It is this insight that compels the astrologer to try to bring out the salient trends and significant events.

Addendum: How long will the USA exist? 
The USA has existed in its present form for close to 240 years, which is not old for a nation. That said, it has acquired a well-known identity, which has also evolved. Given the many strengths in the SAMVA USA horoscope, it will likely continue for a much longer time. This brings up the interesting question of how long we should expect a nation-state to survive? Let's look at the Vimsottari-dasa cycle in this regard. It was designed in antiquity for human life, when the maximum lifespan, for a strong and unafflicted chart, was judged to be 120 years. For the benefit of mundane astrology, author & astrologer V.K. Choudhry, has devised an astrological rule for timing when an aspect will be felt in the life of a native. The rules is based on the orb of the aspect, which ranges from 0° to 5°, before passing out effectiveness. The less the orb the more intense the aspect and the sooner in the life it is felt as a trend in the life. This is called a degree for a decade rule. This means the aspect is felt in the relevant planetary periods after about one decade in the life of the native for each degree of orb in the aspect. After the age of 50, the native should thus have experienced all aspects in the chart, the wide orb aspects last to be felt and with relatively less impact. The native may nevertheless continue for 70 more years of life, before reaching the ideal or maximum life span of 120 years, while also continuing to feel the aspects when triggered by transit or period. A similar rule for mundane or collective entities is called a degree for five decades rule. This means that an aspect with a 5° orb is felt after about 250 years in the national life. If the same logic is extended to the collective entity, a nation might thus continue for another 350 years, after the initial 250 years, before it would succumb to the frailties of old age, at the ripe old age of 600 years. This would be the equivalent possible maximum life span of a healthy collective entity. In history, there are not many records of states exceeding 600 years in their original incarnation. Dynasties and empires have come and gone but the local or indigenous people often remain in the same geographical area. In any event, we can assume that the USA has a long life ahead of itself. Hopefully, the future will be more rewarding and less intense than some of the events noted during the last almost two and half centuries. However, we cannot count on it.